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Can You Say Cryptic Mortality

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    Posted: 12 February 2019 at 6:40pm

Here goes two good year classes of fish that will "recruit" to large mesh gillnets to be discarded as bycatch or illegally retained for personal use or illegal sale.  

This is why the MFC must address gears when they address CSMA striped bass.


M-3-2019

PROCLAMATION


RE: GILL NET RESTRICTIONS: INTERNAL COASTAL WATERS – GEAR EXEMPTIONS FOR THE SHAD FISHERY AND OPEN REMAINDER OF MANAGEMENT UNIT B.

This proclamation supersedes proclamation M-10-2018 dated September 28, 2018. This proclamation implements gear exemptions for portions of the Internal Coastal Waters south of Management Unit A to allow fishermen to set gill nets for the shad fishery (See Section III.). It also opens the remaining portions of Management Unit B to the use of gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches (except as described in Section III.) in accordance with the Sea Turtle Incidental Take Permit.
 
Stephen W. Murphey, Director, Division of Marine Fisheries, hereby announces that effective at 12:01 A.M., Friday, February 15, 2019, the following provisions shall apply to the use of gill nets south of Management Unit A (south of 35° 46.3000’ N latitude):

I. AREA DESCRIPTIONS (See maps):
It is unlawful to use gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches in Internal Coastal Waters except those described below. Areas not listed below are closed to gill nets (including trammel gill nets) with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches; (except as described in Section III.; SEE SECTION II. FOR ADDITIONAL AREA RESTRICTIONS):

A. Management Unit B: Internal Coastal Waters, bounded on the north by 35° 46.3000’ N latitude which runs approximately from the north end of Pea Island (old Coast Guard station) westerly to a point on the shore at Point Peter Canal, on the south by 34°48.2700’N latitude which runs approximately from the Club House on Core Banks westerly to a point on the shore at Davis near Marker “1”, and on the west by 76° 30.0000’W longitude.

B. Management Unit C: Pamlico, Pungo, Bay and Neuse river drainages and Internal Coastal Waters of Pamlico Sound west of 76° 30.0000’ W.

C. Management Unit D2: all Internal Coastal Waters west of a line running from 34° 40.6740’ N – 76° 37.0000’ W to 34° 42.4800’ N – 76° 37.0000’ W then to the head of Turner Creek, and northerly up the western shoreline of the North River; and east of the NC Hwy 58 Bridge. Management Unit D2 includes Newport River (including the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway and Harlowe Creek up to NC Hwy 101 Bridge) and Bogue Sound.

D. Management Unit E: all Internal Coastal Waters south and west of the Highway 58 Bridge to the North Carolina/South Carolina state line. This includes the Atlantic Intracoastal Waterway and adjacent sounds and the New, Cape Fear, Lockwood Folly, White Oak, and Shallotte rivers.

II. ADDITIONAL AREA RESTRICTIONS - MANAGEMENT UNIT E

A. It is unlawful to use gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches (except as described in Section III.) in the following portions of Management Unit E:
1. Cape Fear River and its tributaries north of the Railroad Bridge described as a line running from a point on the west shore at 34° 15.5760’ N - 77° 59.3000’ W; running easterly to a point on the east shore at 34°15.6270’ N - 77° 59.2300’ W.
2. Northeast Cape Fear River and its tributaries north of the Interstate 140 Bridge described as a line running from a point on the west shore at 34° 17.9430’ N - 77° 57.5540’ W to a point on the east shore at 34° 18.1320’ N - 77° 57.3790’ W.

III. GEAR EXEMPTIONS AND RESTRICTIONS FOR RUN-AROUND, STRIKE, DROP, TRAMMEL, AND DRIFT GILL NETS

A. Exempted gear definitions (including trammel gill nets):
1. Run-around, strike, drop, or trammel gill nets - gill nets that are set and then are immediately retrieved.
2. Drift gill nets - gill nets that are used to capture fish while being moved along by water currents and the net being actively fished and attended from deployment through retrieval.
B. It is unlawful to use run-around, strike, drift, drop and trammel gill nets with a stretched mesh length greater than 6 ½ inches.

C. It is unlawful to use or possess more than 800 yards of run-around, strike, drop and trammel gill net per commercial fishing operation.

D. It is unlawful to use or possess more than 2,000 yards of drift gill net per commercial fishing operation.

E. Run-around, strike, drop, drift and trammel gill nets are exempt from the restrictions specified in Sections IV., V. and VI.

IV. GILL NET CONSTRUCTION AND USE REQUIREMENTS
During times (see Section V.) and in Management Units indicated (see Section I.) it is unlawful to use gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches unless they comply with the following provisions:

A. Management Unit B as described in Section I. A.:
1. It is unlawful to use gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches of more than 15 meshes in height and without a lead core or leaded bottom line.
2. It is unlawful to use cork, floats, or other buoys except those required for identification.
3. It is unlawful to use or possess more than 2,000 yards of gill net with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches per operation.
4. It is unlawful to set a gill net, no more than 100 yards in length, with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches without leaving a space of at least 25 yards between separate lengths of net, regardless of individual net length.
B. Management Unit C as described in Section I. B.:
1. It is unlawful to use or possess more than 2,000 yards of gill net with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches per operation.
2. It is unlawful to fail to actively fish gill net sets at least once during a 24-hour period no later than noon each day.
C. Management Unit D2 as described in Section I. C:
1. It is unlawful to use gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches of more than 15 meshes in height and without a lead core or leaded bottom line.
2. It is unlawful to use cork, floats, or other buoys except those required for identification.
3. It is unlawful to use or possess more than 1,000 yards of gill net with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches per operation.
4. It is unlawful to set a gill net, no more than 100 yards in length, with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches without leaving a space of at least 25 yards between separate lengths of net, regardless of individual net length.
D. Management Unit E as described in Section I. D.:
1. It is unlawful to use gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches of more than 15 meshes in height and without a lead core or leaded bottom line.
2. It is unlawful to use or possess more than 1,000 yards of gill net with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches per operation.
3. It is unlawful to set a gill net, no more than 100 yards in length, with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches without leaving a space of at least 25 yards between separate lengths of net, regardless of individual net length.

V. GILL NET SETTING TIME REQUIREMENTS
It is unlawful to use gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches for daytime sets other than during the setting and retrieval periods specified below. Only single night overnight soaks are permitted, and are only lawful if set and retrieved as follows:
Management Units B, D2, and E as described in Section I. A., C., and D.

1. Nets set for Tuesday retrieval may be set no sooner than one hour before sunset on Monday and must be retrieved no later than one hour after sunrise on Tuesday.
2. Nets set for Wednesday retrieval may be set no sooner than one hour before sunset on Tuesday and must be retrieved no later than one hour after sunrise on Wednesday.
3. Nets set for Thursday retrieval may be set no sooner than one hour before sunset on Wednesday and must be retrieved no later than one hour after sunrise on Thursday.
4. Nets set for Friday retrieval may be set no sooner than one hour before sunset on Thursday and must be retrieved no later than one hour after sunrise on Friday.
Additional overnight soak period is permitted in Management Units D2 and E as described in Section I. C. and D.:
5. Nets set for Monday retrieval may be set no sooner than one hour before sunset on Sunday and must be retrieved no later than one hour after sunrise on Monday.

VI. SEA TURTLE AND ATLANTIC STURGEON INTERACTION REPORTING
It is unlawful to fail to report any sea turtle or sturgeon captured in anchored gill nets. Reports shall be made within 24 hours of the capture to the Division of Marine Fisheries at 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632. Self-reported takes of sea turtles and sturgeon by fishermen fishing without an observer do not count toward the allowable takes in the Incidental Take Permits.

VII. GENERAL INFORMATION

A. This proclamation is issued under the authority of N.C.G.S. 113-134; 113-182; 113-170.4; 113-170.5; 113-221.1; 143B-289.52 and N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rules 15A NCAC 03H .0103 and 03J .0103.

B. It is unlawful to violate the provisions of any proclamation issued by the Fisheries Director under his delegated authority pursuant to N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rule 15A NCAC 03H .0103.

C. The restrictions in this proclamation apply to gill nets used by Recreational Commercial Gear License holders except the allowed yardage in Sections III. and IV. The allowed yardage for Recreational Commercial Gear License holders is described in N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rule 15A NCAC 03O .0302.

D. Proclamation M-3-2014, dated February 3, 2014 prohibits the setting of gill nets in the Joint Fishing Waters of the state from midnight on Friday to midnight on Sunday each week. Portions of Albemarle and Currituck sounds are exempt from that provision.

E. N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rule 15A NCAC 03I .0113 specifies that it is unlawful for any licensee under Chapter 113, Subchapter IV of the General Statutes to refuse to allow the Fisheries Director or his agents to obtain biological data, harvest information, or other statistical data necessary or useful to the conservation and management of marine and estuarine resources from fish in the licensee’s possession. The Division of Marine Fisheries has implemented an Estuarine Gill Net Permit and an observer program as an inspection procedure to obtain such data.

F. The small mesh gill net attendance requirements in N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rule 15A NCAC 03J .0103 (g) and (h), mesh length restrictions in 03J .0103 (a)(2), navigational passage requirements in 03J .0101, as well as all other existing gill net rules and proclamations remain in effect.

G. For gill net restrictions in the Albemarle Sound Area (Incidental Take Permit- Management Unit A) refer to the most recent M-type proclamations for that area.

H. The Division of Marine Fisheries has received Federal Incidental Take Permits (ITP) for certain threatened or endangered sea turtles, and endangered Atlantic sturgeon. These ITPs allow the legal continuation of the inshore gill net fisheries in North Carolina, subject to permit conditions. The ITP conditions are designed to avoid, minimize and mitigate interactions with these species. Permit conditions require the division to provide 7-10 percent observer coverage in the large mesh anchored gill net fishery and 1-2 percent observer coverage in the small mesh anchored gill net fishery in internal coastal waters. If the required coverage is not maintained, large and small mesh anchored gill nets could be prohibited in all Internal Coastal Waters.

I. The intent of this proclamation is to implement gill net restrictions that allow directed and bycatch fisheries for various species while minimizing interactions with threatened and/or endangered species.

J. The Pamlico Sound is closed annually from September 1 through December 15 each year to large mesh gill nets by National Marine Fisheries Service, Federal Rule 50 CFR Part 223. The Sea Turtle ITP allows the division to open certain areas within the Pamlico Sound to large mesh gill nets. The open areas are outlined in Section I. of this proclamation.

K. Proclamation M-24-2014 dated July 31, 2014 requires holders of a Standard Commercial Fishing License (SCFL), Retired Standard Commercial Fishing License (RSCFL), or Recreational Commercial Gear License (RCGL) who deploy gill nets in Internal Coastal Waters with an exception for run-around, strike, drop or drift gill nets, to possess a valid Estuarine Gill Net Permit issued by the Division of Marine Fisheries.

L. Proclamation M-1-2014, dated January 16, 2014 prohibits the use of gill nets with a stretched mesh length greater than 6 ½ inches.

M. In accordance with FF-3-2016 it is unlawful to possess flounder in Internal Coastal Waters taken from anchored large mesh gill nets with a stretched mesh length less than 6 inches. In accordance with FF-4-2017 it is unlawful for Recreational Commercial Gear License holders to possess flounder in anchored large mesh gill nets with a stretched mesh length less than 6 inches. These regulations are implemented in accordance with Supplement A to Amendment 1 of the N.C. Southern Flounder Fishery Management Plan. See listed proclamations for full details.

N. In accordance with N.C. General Statute 113-221.1(c) all persons who may be affected by proclamations issued by the Fisheries Director are under a duty to keep themselves informed of current proclamations.

O. Contact N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries, P.O. Box 769, Morehead City, NC 28557; 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632 for more information or visit the division website at www.ncmarinefisheries.net.

P. This proclamation supersedes proclamation M-10-2018 dated September 28, 2018. This proclamation implements gear exemptions for portions of the Internal Coastal Waters south of Management Unit A to allow fishermen to set gill nets for the shad fishery (See Section III.). It opens the remaining portions of Management Unit B to the use of gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches (except as described in Section III.) in accordance with the Sea Turtle Incidental Take Permit. This proclamation also maintains openings for Management Units C, D2 and portions of Management Unit E (except those described in Section II.) to the use of gill nets with a stretched mesh length of 4 inches through 6 ½ inches. This action is being taken to allow directed gill net fisheries for shad while minimizing interactions with threatened and/or endangered species.

signature

 

 

 

Stephen W. Murphey, Director
DIVISION OF MARINE FISHERIES, DEQ

February 12, 2019
2:35 P.M.
M-3-2019

Here are the maps-







Edited by Rick - 12 February 2019 at 6:42pm
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Rick Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 February 2019 at 9:54am


...as has been said many times, we need to close the rivers to all gillnetting at the ferry systems.

The slide below shows where DMF observed striped bass in nets while meeting the observation requirement of the Turtle and Sturgeon ITPs.

Slide Source-  




Gillnets should be banned inland of the Neuse and Tar River ferry systems-





Edited by Rick - 13 February 2019 at 10:34am
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Glacierbaze Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 February 2019 at 1:32pm
How many shad were landed last year, at what value? 
"You can never elevate your own character by stepping on someone else's."

"Never argue with a man who loves the sound of his own voice."
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Rick Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 February 2019 at 1:51pm
Originally posted by Glacierbaze Glacierbaze wrote:

How many shad were landed last year, at what value? 
 






Edited by Rick - 13 February 2019 at 1:55pm
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote ONEARMEDBANDIT Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 February 2019 at 2:43pm
Looks like a few caught in the CFR system also..
Question for the Folks here..
The The Milburnie Dam in Raleigh that was "finished" being removed from the Neuse River, in 2018.. Could this have a "effect" of bringing "some" or enhancing of the Wild stock back in the future? Barring more pressure,from "netting" of course..
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote bernpackbkr Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 February 2019 at 1:37pm
Hickory Shad are only worth $0.27/lb dead in a gillnet???  

Why in the heck is there even a fishery when it only generates $20K in REVENUE.  Imagine what they are worth to the recreational fisherman.

That's insane.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote 23Mako Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 February 2019 at 3:11pm
Originally posted by bernpackbkr bernpackbkr wrote:

Hickory Shad are only worth $0.27/lb dead in a gillnet???  

Why in the heck is there even a fishery when it only generates $20K in REVENUE.  Imagine what they are worth to the recreational fisherman.

That's insane.


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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote TomM Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 February 2019 at 4:06pm
bycatch guys
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote chriselk Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 February 2019 at 7:17pm
Originally posted by TomM TomM wrote:

bycatch guys

IF the moratorium on Striped Bass is implemented, there will be no possession of SB.

Many folks think that the Shad fishery will go away without the SB bycatch.  But we will have to see...



The above comments are my personal opinion and do not represent those of any organizations or agencies I may be a member of.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote chriselk Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 February 2019 at 7:32pm
Originally posted by Rick Rick wrote:



...as has been said many times, we need to close the rivers to all gillnetting at the ferry systems.

The slide below shows where DMF observed striped bass in nets while meeting the observation requirement of the Turtle and Sturgeon ITPs.

Slide Source-  




Gillnets should be banned inland of the Neuse and Tar River ferry systems-



Rick,
That is such a small area that would do so much good for striped bass. Look at all the other areas where stripers are not caught in gill nets.   This is a no brainer.  While no one really "likes" the proposed moratorium, removal of gill nets from this area would make it easier to swallow for all those avid fishermen in the area, not to mention the negative economic impacts on the local economy.
The above comments are my personal opinion and do not represent those of any organizations or agencies I may be a member of.
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Rick Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15 February 2019 at 9:59am

Just for you Chris!

I downloaded the DMF data to EarthPoint-




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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Rick Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15 February 2019 at 10:59am


...and a better solution would be a net ban at the "tie down line"-

M-3-2015

PROCLAMATION

RE: GILL NETS- WESTERN PAMLICO SOUND AND RIVERS

Dr. Louis B. Daniel III, Director, Division of Marine Fisheries, hereby announces that effective at 12:01 A.M., Thursday, March 19, 2015, the following restrictions will apply to gill nets with a mesh length greater than five inches:

I. AREA DESCRIPTION
All internal fishing waters west (upstream) of the 76° 28.0000’W longitude line which passes near Roos Point at the mouth of Pungo River south to Point of Marsh at the mouth of the Neuse River.

II. GEAR RESTRICTIONS

A. It is unlawful to fail to equip gill nets with tie downs spaced no farther apart than 10 yards to restrict the vertical distance between the top and bottom lines to 36 inches or less. If the vertical height of the net (distance between the lead line and the top line) is 36 inches or less, no tie-downs are required. Nets must be set so as to fish on the bottom and not exceed a vertical height of 36 inches.

B. It is unlawful for any portion of the net to be within 50 yards of any point on shore when set or deployed in the following river areas:
1. Neuse River - Upstream of a line beginning at a point at Cooper Point 35° 02.1433’N – 76° 55.9965’W; running southwesterly to a point at Fisher Landing Point 35° 00.1550’N – 76° 58.5738’W.
2. Pamlico River - Upstream of a line beginning at a point at Gum Point 35° 25.1669’N – 76° 45.5251’W; running southwesterly to a point at Fork Point at 35° 23.4453’N – 76° 46.4346’W.
3. Pungo River - Upstream of a line beginning at a point at Sandy Point 35° 26.8680’N – 76° 33.9520’W; running southwesterly to a point on the west shore at 35° 26.2810’N – 76° 35.5530’W.

C. Attended Recreational Commercial Gear License large mesh gill nets are exempt from restrictions in II. B.

D. These restrictions terminate on December 31, 2015 at midnight by this proclamation.

III. GENERAL INFORMATION

A. This proclamation is issued under the authority of N.C.G.S. 113-170.4; 113-170.5; 113-182; 113-221.1; 143B-289.52 and N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rule 15A NCAC 03H .0103 and 3J .0103.

B. It is unlawful to violate the provisions of any proclamation issued by the Fisheries Director under his delegated authority pursuant to N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rule 15A NCAC 03H .0103.

C. The intent of this proclamation is to enact the requirements established by the North Carolina Estuarine Striped Bass Fishery Management Plan to reduce large mesh gill net bycatch. An option for a net configuration in lieu of tie-downs is allowed to address skates in the area.

D. N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rule15A NCAC 03J .0103 prohibits gill nets 5 to 5 ½ inch stretch mesh from April 15 through December 15.

E. N.C. Marine Fisheries Commission Rule 15A NCAC 03J .0103 (i) (2) states that from June through October, it is unlawful for any portion of a gill net with a mesh length of five inches or larger to be within 10 feet of any point on the shoreline while set or deployed. 03J .0103 (j) defines the shoreline as the mean high water line or marsh line, whichever is more seaward.

F. In accordance with N.C. General Statute 113-221.1(c) All persons who may be affected by proclamations issued by the Fisheries Director are under a duty to keep themselves informed of current proclamations.

G. Contact N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries, P.O. Box 769, Morehead City, NC 28557 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632 for more information or visit the division website at http://portal.ncdenr.org/web/mf/.

H. This proclamation implements tie-down (vertical net height restrictions) and distance from shore restrictions in the western Pamlico Sound and rivers.

March 16, 2015
4:30 P.M.
M-3-2015

N.C. Division of Marine Fisheries • 3441 Arendell Street • Morehead City, NC 28557 • 252-726-7021 or 800-682-2632

NCDMF logo











Edited by Rick - 15 February 2019 at 11:00am
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Rick Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15 February 2019 at 11:40am


Let's remember what the WRC research found-

Originally posted by Rick Rick wrote:

The latest WRC work for 2017 shows-

http://1drv.ms/b/s!ArHvxdSx-xlqghjhTs-LAfSNnH5R

From 1994–2015, Striped Bass instantaneous fishing mortality in the Neuse River ranged 0.12–0.84 and exceeded the overfishing threshold in 12 of 22 years. A global linear model using environmental and exploitation factors accounted for 55% of the variability in spawning stock discrete annual mortality. An informationtheoretic approach was used to elucidate the best linear model predicting discrete annual mortality. The best model included previous-year gill net effort and same-year commercial harvest (ωi = 0.64, R2 = 0.50). Model-averaged coefficients for gill net effort and commercial harvest suggest total exploitation impacts that are congruent with other studies of Neuse River Striped Bass. Results indicate that reducing exploitation to target levels will require substantial reductions in gill net effort in areas of the Neuse River where Striped Bass occur. Reducing exploitation may increase spawning stock biomass and advance the age structure of spawning females, conferring an increased likelihood of successful recruitment and production of dominant year-classes during periods of favorable environmental conditions.

 

Linear modeling indicates gill net effort is the most important factor influencing spawning stock mortality among the exploitation and environmental factors examined. Gill net effort accounted for substantially greater variability in spawning stock mortality than commercial harvest, and the model-averaged coefficient identifies gill net effort discrete annual fishing mortality u= 0.29. This suggests that the commercial multispecies gill net fishery imparts substantial mortality even when the Striped Bass harvest season is closed. The reason for this mortality is obscure, but may be attributable to dead discard mortality; over-quota and high-grading mortality; avoidance, predation, and drop-out mortality; or unreported, miss-reported and illegal harvest (ICES 1995; Gilman et al. 2013; Uhlmann and Broadhurst 2015; Batsleer et al. 2015). In particular, discard mortality should be carefully considered as Clark and Kahn (2009) found that Striped Bass are acutely susceptible to discard mortality in multispecies gill net fisheries. Furthermore, Striped Bass discards in the large mesh gill net fishery were identified as the primary source of mortality within the CSMA (NCDENR 2013). The effect of gill net effort on discrete annual mortality as estimated by linear modeling is within 3% of the estimated effect of cryptic mortality in a cohort-based model (u= 0.26; Table B.3 in Rachels and Ricks 2015), while the effect of commercial harvest was identical to the estimated commercial harvest discrete annual fishing mortality rate in that study.

Current high exploitation rates combined with low stock abundance and a high contribution of hatchery fish to the spawning stock (Rachels and Ricks 2015; Bradley 2016) suggest the expected recovery time of Neuse River Striped Bass continues to be “both uncertain and long” (Hilborn et al. 2014). Our research suggests fisheries managers should reduce exploitation by focusing on reductions in gill net effort in areas of the Neuse River utilized by Striped Bass. Reducing spawning stock exploitation may confer an increased likelihood of recruitment during periods of favorable environmental conditions, thereby leading to improvements in population abundance and increased numbers of wild fish in the spawning stock.



Edited by Rick - 15 February 2019 at 11:40am
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote cwilli Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 15 February 2019 at 4:11pm
This should be the easiest fact based decision for them to ever make, especially since it doesn't involve the impact of shrimp trawl bycatch:)If their decision is not in favor of restoring the Striped Bass population....then the management issues facing Flounder & Grey Trout face an almost impossible road ahead.
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